Ah, the unexpected visit from Aunt Flo and the mad dash to find anything to hold that flow, until you can run to the shops and grab some sanitary towels/tampons/cups. We’ve all been there and it’s the worst.
But imagine if there was no sanitary aisle in the corner shop; no clean and set way to manage your period. Well that was pretty much the case for all of history!
But as those of us with a monthly visit from ‘the decorators’ today have had to MacGyver a loo roll towel when in a pinch, our ancestors across the centuries have also had to invent new ways to manage their periods.
So lets immerse ourselves in the ingenuous and only slightly traumatic past of period management:
Yep- the term ‘on the rag’ actually does refer to using rags for sanitary management.
This one dates all the way back to the medieval period (sorry, I’ll use ‘era’ for the rest of this article) and lasted for centuries.
Essentially, women would ball up rags of whatever they had to hand and place them between their legs to manage their flow.
Now obviously, the richer you were, the better quality rags! So if you’re a well to do girl about town, then you get some lovely linen.
BUT if you’re a peasant, I’m afraid you’re getting some itchy offcuts that you have to rewash every use – nice.
2. Suspension management
I bet you we’re thinking that those rags were stuffed in a set of knickers, right? NOPE!
Broadly speaking, from the Medieval era, right up to the Victorian era, women didn’t wear knickers (or similar) because, underwear was very much a male thing (click here for the full history of womens underwear)
So if you don’t have underpants holding those rags in place, you best think of a plan B fast; without them, things are gonna get real bloody real quick, after all:
There’s a lot of evidence that women wore girdle like contraptions to keep their rags in place.
Queen Elizabeth I actually owned a snazzy set of black silk girdles, specifically for use during her periods; girl was not getting any period stains.
BUT much like with the quality of rags, how rich a woman was, massively effected the quality of her rag holding device.
So a woman might have to make her own belted girdle type thing at home, or if she was in a really tight budget, go full Blue Peter and make something from twine, scraps of fabric and whatever else was lying around.
3. Bog Moss
Yeah. You read that right. BOG. MOSS
Now, this is more of widespread theory, than one with concrete evidence, but there’s a lot to back it up, plus, you know, it’s fully horrifying, so I’m totally including it!
Sphagnum is a type of moss, that grows in cold damp places (so most of the UK) and for the last 1000 years, this little beauty has saved countless lives, thanks to it’s ability to absorb liquid more than 20 times its size!
Commonly used on battlefields, Sphagnum packed up wounds and stop people bleeding to death.
So it would make a lot of sense that women would have also utilised this –incredibly easy to get your hands on– plant that was renowned for soaking up blood… even if it mainly did come from bogs, hey, needs must right?
4. Wool sanitary towels
By the 1880s sanitary towels had started to appear.
As always, they were only something for the well off, but it was a huge step in women actually being able to comfortably manage their periods!
There was one big down side: many of these early towels were stuffed with wool:
Ok, here’s the thing. Cotton is absorbent. Wool is not. It doesn’t matter how many times an advert labels wool as absorbent, its still not good at actually absorbing liquid.
Imagine your most wooly jumper when its sopping wet. Now imagine that between your legs. Yeah. No. All the no’s to that!
Luckily, change was coming:
During the First World War, nurses did not have time to faff about with their periods; quickly working out that the new disposable bandages they were using on wounds, were also a fantastic tool to help manage their flow.
This combined with the new invention of, Cellucotten (a sort of cotton made from wood pulp) caught on, with materials now more widely available, the nurses invention went mainstream.
In the 1920s Kotex launched its disposable sanitary towels, citing the battlefield nurses as their inspiration.
And so launched a boom in period inventions!
This was interesting where can I find out more? Well you can check out our full history of periods HERE
MORE IMPORTANTLY, you can help make sure nobody ever needs to go back to the medieval days of rags ever again! Period poverty is a very real thing, with some girls not attending school when they’re on their period.
You can help stop this by: